Mary Tovey Scholarship of Teaching And Learning Adventure
7 Educational Uses for 3D Printing
This website was concise in giving the reader a variety of applications in various subject areas. The author is clear and her descriptions are very easy to read making it very accessible to all people whether they have experience in this industry or not. There are specific examples of how this type of technology can be used, however, they do not go into too much depth. This is a good beginning website to educate the reader on the technology and possible applications. She talks about different applications in subjects such as auto, biology, artifacts, graphic design, geography and history. There were not too many lower elementary suggestions. The author poses many questions such as, “ Can the recreation of stone tablets help accentuate the learning process of an ancient civilizations class?”. These were extremely helpful for the reader who had no idea what 3D printing could offer.
This source is a helpful source to educate the public and to initiate the reader’s thinking on the subject. It is definitely something to spark their curiosity. It’s focus is to reach the masses. It is not a scholarly journal whose purpose is to cite research and support a claim. The goal is merely to introduce the public to new and revolutionary technology. I am sure that there are many people who have never heard of this before and cannot even fathom how one could use this technology in everyday life.
Although simplistic in its nature, this article helped me to see how far reaching 3D printing can be within the educational field specifically. I started to understand that any idea that one can think, can be represented in solid, physical form through using a 3D printer. I think this is a real breakthrough for making visualizations real (especially for young children who may struggle with visualization).
Promoting a Culture of Thinking in the Young Child
Early Childhood Education Journal
Salmon, A. K. (2008). Promoting a Culture of Thinking in the Young Child. Early Childhood Education Journal, 35(5), 457-461. doi: 10.1007/s10643-007-0227-y
This journal article was about two Reggio-Emilia inspired schools where teachers implemented visible thinking routines in an effort to establish a culture of thinking. The teachers introduced thinking routines and routinely documented children’s progress. The documentation of the children’s thinking was a crucial part to this research. The study found that students metacognitive and critical thinking skills increased which led to an increase in alertness whenever the children were put into new learning situations. Interestingly enough, the attitude about learning also showed a positive increase.
This journal article was very helpful in the sense that it connected two very important research concepts. The research coming out of Project Zero and the research about the way that young children learn. This ties specifically into making the invisible, visible which is exactly what the 3d printer will help students to do. The research was clear that when young students make their thinking visible, that the learning improves as well as the attitude about learning. The text was easy to read and comes from a scholarly journal which was obtained through the Michigan State University Library. It comes from a reliable source and is one that will lend to support to the claim that 3d printers are necessary tools of the school environment to enhance students learning.
3D Printer Trumps Pig Parts for Kidney Replacements
3 D Printer World
Kaelin, B. (2013, June 20). 3D Printer Trumps Pig Parts for Kidney Replacements. 3D Printer World. Retrieved from http://www.3dprinter-world.com/article/3d-printer-trumps-pig-parts-for-kidney-replacements
This website was very helpful to understand how 3D printing will help people in need of organ transplants. It goes into detail of how important this new technology will be because it will eliminate organ rejection in patients. It used to be that doctors would use pig parts to build a scaffold for a patient’s organ. With 3D printing, it will revolutionize this process and they may even be able to use a patient’s own individual cells which will be better for the patient’s recovery. Within this Printer World website, there are links to check out the Mayo Clinic’s resources on 3D printing and patients who need hip replacements. Obviously, the goal for this website is to promote and sell 3D printers. They seemed to have backed up their claims with other reliable
The 3D printer seems like a perfect addition to the research of promoting cultures of thinking. Much of the problem for students is the understanding and visualizing difficult, abstract thoughts. My thinking about creating a culture of thinking has not changed but I see where technology can enhance it way beyond what I can do in my classroom without it!
Spatial Visualization, Visual Imagery, and Mathematical Problem Solving of Students With Varying Abilities Van Garderen, D. (2006). Spatial Visualization, Visual Imagery, and Mathematical Problem Solving of Students With Varying Abilities.Journal Of Learning Disabilities, 39(6), 496-506
This study shows the importance of using visual representations when solving math problems. It found that gifted math students did significantly better than average or Learning Disabled students when it came to solving abstract word problems primarily because these students used pictorial representations when working their problems out. The gifted students, on the other hand, used a more sophisticated visual imagery technique which led to greater success among this group of students. It was also noted that students with visual-spatial deficiencies also had deficiencies in solving math word problems. Although the findings of this report are interesting indeed, the text is very statistical in nature and makes it somewhat hard to read. I would use some of the findings in this report to support the need to make abstract math concepts more visible to students. This text comes from a reliable source.
This does compare to the other things in my bibliography because a similar theme is emerging. That is, less proficient students oftentimes have difficulty visualizing abstract concepts. They need the scaffolding of other students’ understanding to really push their thinking to a new level. This reinforces what I know about pedagogy in my own classroom. I am seeing the need to include the overlap of technology and how TPACK will improve my students’ understanding.
I think this has changed my thinking overall. I knew that technology was important but I now know how it actually changes the way our brains work. The work we have done this past week has shown me firsthand, how technology changes our thought process. I feel that technology makes our brains work faster and helps us to go in multiple directions at once. When I came into this class, I was much slower at navigating and understanding how to find information on the web. Now, I feel much more proficient and faster. If one way doesn’t work, I immediately start to think of alternate ways to get to the root of the problem. This is something that I did not do at the start of the class. I would be “roadblocked” for lack of better terminology. Now, I feel like I have learned to navigate around the roadblocks so that I can continue on my path to find answers.
Blair, Kristen Pilner. “The Neglected Importance of Feedback Perception in Learning: An Analysis of Children and Adults’ Uptake of Quantitative Feedback in a Mathematics Simulation Environment.” Order No. 3382686 Stanford University, 2009. Ann Arbor: ProQuest. Web. 29 June 2013.
This article was all about students and adults perceptions of feedback. The study starts out with the idea that feedback has always been an “internal process” reliant on the student. This study chronicles 4 different studies about what students perceive and how their perception to feedback influences their academic progress. This article compared and contrasted fourth graders and adults. The study found that both groups had difficulty with perception of feedback and therefore, this was not a developmental problem but one that was based upon what the learner felt the feedback was about and how they could apply it to their learning.. One interesting analogy to illustrate this idea is a person running through an obstacle course. One person may approach the obstacle course in one way (because they have never experienced it before) and another person may use a strategy to go through the course based upon strategic knowledge or previous experience. The perception of feedback that each individual gets from the course and their response to it can be very different and modify what they do the next time they encounter something like that. Basically, what this study concluded was that “Students varied in the amount of mathematical structure they perceived in feedback.”
This was a reliable, peer-reviewed article. I found this a fascinating study because teachers are constantly giving feedback but students still struggle (and apparently adults do, as well). This dissertation delves much more deeply into students thinking, learning and understanding. I think that it is still very relevant and thought-provoking as we try to make thinking and learning process more and more concrete. There is much work to be done on both sides of the desk. As to how this related to 3D printing, again, I feel that any tool we can use to unveil the mysterious process of thinking and learning to make it visible and concrete to all is an important thing to pursue.
I think techniques like Visible Thinking (pedagogy), 3D printers, etc. (technology) and math (content) illustrates what we have been learning about TPACK.
Interaction With MSU Library/ MSU Engineering Department
Jill Morningstar (Personal Communication, June 24, 2013)
Ryan Roberts (Personal Communication, June 24, 2013)
Jonathan Walby (Personal Communication, June 24, 2013)
We had an informative workshop with Jill Morningstar (MSU Library) which helped me to learn how to go about finding scholarly journals and how to narrow my search. I utilized her course guide to find the articles I needed on ERIC or the ProQuest database. She showed us how to cut our search time in half by modifying our keywords and separating words with “and”. She also taught us how to filter our searches by requesting “full text” articles. Another interaction that I had was with the MSU Engineering Department. This was an invaluable resource to our research. We were able to speak directly with the technicians who actually do the 3d printing for Michigan State. We video-taped an interview with many questions for the resident experts which greatly enhanced our presentation! This interview was probably the most valuable for my own learning as I could actually see the process, feel the product and speak directly to the people who utilize this technology everyday.